Main Article Content
Variation of indigenous botanical knowledge (IBK) versus social characteristics between the
Afar and Oromo Nations in and around the semi-arid Awash National Park (ANP), Ethiopia
was conducted between September 2008 and March 2009. The study aimed to investigate and
document variation of IBK versus social characteristics and their associated threats between
the Afar and Oromo Nations. A total of 96 informants were selected using prior information.
Data were collected using semi-structured interview, guided field walk, discussions, market
survey, and field observation. The results indicated that there was a significant difference of
IBK within and among the different age, gender, nations and informants among the local
Kebeles between the Afar and Oromo Nations. Overgrazing, followed by deforestation were
the major threats in the study area, which scored 21.7% and 19.9%, respectively.
Strengthening and encouraging IBK, the active participation of local communities and
awareness rising through training or educational programmes are plausible