Effects of Training on Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Malaria Prevention and Control among Community Role Model Care Givers in South Western Nigeria

Main Article Content

Adebimpe W. Olalekan
Adebimpe M.Adebukola


BACKGROUND: Malaria is endemic in Nigeria, with significant records of mortality and morbidity.Adequate community involvement is central to a successful implementation of malaria control programs.This study assessed the effects of a training programme on knowledge of malaria prevention and controlamong community role model care givers.METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study of a pre-and post-test design method was conductedamong 400 eligible community members in Osun State. Training was given in the form of organizedlectures, health education and practical demonstration sessions. Scores of pre-test and post-testconducted after four months interval were compared. Multistage sampling method was adopted inselecting study participants, while data was analyzed using the SPSS software version 17.0.RESULTS: Mean age was 43.8 (+1.4) years. Average knowledge score of cause, transmission, riskfactors and consequences, awareness of common symptoms and preventive practices improved duringpost-training test when compared with pr-training test. The overall descriptive mean knowledge score inpre-test and post-test were 2.1 and 3.5 respectively out of an average maximum score of 5.0, giving anincrement of 66.7%. Role model care givers with formal education were twice and three times more likelyto know about disease ‘transmission’ (OR 1.9, 95%CI 0.11-0.19, p=0.002) and ‘consequences’ (OR 2.9,95%CI 0.25-0.65, p=0.040) respectively compared to those without formal education.CONCLUSION: Training on malaria improved the knowledge of malaria prevention and control amongrole model community care givers towards a successful implementation of malaria control programmes.

Article Details

Original Article
Author Biographies

Adebimpe W. Olalekan, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria

Department of Community Medicine,

College of Health Sciences

Adebimpe M.Adebukola, Osun State, Nigeria

Hospital Management Board, Osogbo