BACKGROUND: Traditional research and practices focused on an
investigation of risk factors to handle psychosocial problems street
children faced while surviving on the street. However, more
recently, attention has been given to how knowledge can be
developed in the area to devise interventions that reflect the
promotion of resilience as a means of achieving positive outcomes
for the children. The purpose of this study was to explore the
psychosocial conditions and resilience status of street children in
Jimma Town.
METHODS: Explanatory sequential research design was
employed. Out of 246 teenager street children, 137 were selected
using simple random sampling. Questionnaire, interview guide and
FGD probes were used in data collection. Mean and standard
deviation, multiple regression analysis and Man Whitney U T-test
were used to analyze quantitative data; while discourse analysis was
used to analyze qualitative data.
RESULTS: The result of multiple regression analysis indicated that
anxiety significantly predicted resilience status, b=.623, t (109)
=8.418, p˂.001. Anxiety also explained a significant proportion of
the variance in resilience status, R 2 =.388, F (112) = 70.86, p ˂.001.
Further, the result revealed that street children had slow growing
resilience status in which boys were more resilient than girls.
CONCLUSION: Street children in Jimma Town faced various
psychosocial challenges and had low resilience status. Thus,
Jimma Town Women and Children Affairs Office ought to work to
build resilience status of street children, in collaboration with
different stakeholders in and around the town.
KEYWORDS: psychosocial conditions, resilience status, street

Published: 2019-05-28