BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a prevalent side effect of
pregnancy. Different studies have reported different results about
the relationship between mental stress and blood pressure
disorders. In addition, social support is highly important to help
women who experience risky pregnancy in adapting to the
stressors they experience. This study aimed to compare perceived
social support and perceived stress in women with and without
preeclampsia.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty pregnant women definitely
diagnosed with preeclampsia and 50 healthy pregnant women
visiting public hospitals including Hazrat Masoumeh, Motazedi,
and Imam Reza in Kermanshah-Iran took part in a descriptive-
analytical study from June 2017 to January 2018. Data gathering
tools included demographics questionnaire, social support
appraisals scale and perceived stress scale. The collected data was
analyzed with SPSS (v.20) using independent t-test.
RESULTS: The mean score of perceived social support in the
preeclampsia and non-preeclampsia groups were 69.88±7.3 and
76.80±7.6 respectively (P<0.01). The mean score of perceived
stress in the preeclampsia and non-preeclampsia groups were
35.6±8.7 and 26.01±5.56 respectively (P<0.01). This means that
compared with healthy women, women with preeclampsia
perceived more stress and less social support.
CONCLUSION: In comparison with healthy pregnant women,
women with preeclampsia perceived more stress and less social
support. Healthcare providers should recommended to pay more
attention to improving social support and attenuating stress in
pregnant women.

Published: 2019-05-28