BACKGROUND: In the world, many countries, including Ethiopia,
are framing policies to roll back the problem of the sanitation. For
this, the Kingdon and Hall models are the two distinct models
formed to articulate the policy agenda to the health problem. The
Kingdon model includes problem, policy and politics streams
whereas the Hall model includes legitimacy, feasibility and support
of the health policies. Therefore, this review aims to integrate the
two models with diseases prevention and health promotion policies
of Ethiopia.
METHODS: We used the existing frameworks of the models as a
guiding principle. Then, we applied the frameworks of the two
models as an important consideration to interlink policy agenda to a
given health problem. We also described the existing scientific
literature about the sanitation and health promotion. After
thoroughly reviewing, possible policy inputs and country setups were
included with a brief discussion by comparing different kinds of
literatures.
RESULTS: The two models are recognized as an opportunity to get
an essential sanitation policy. The government settled and has closed
links to the new innovation as an emerged discourse. Therefore, the
two model streams came together for setting sanitation problem on
the policy agenda. The technical feasibility, public acceptability and
congruence with existing values were all judged to be favorable.
CONCLUSION: The integration of policies within the policy
frameworks has very important outputs in various countries.
Therefore, the field specialists should figure out the problem of
policy integration through policy evaluation researches.
KEYWORDS: Models, Sanitation, Health Promotion, Policy

Published: 2019-05-28