BACKGROUND: Prevalence of optimal complementary feeding
practices are lower than expected. Undernutrition contributes 35%
of children mortality. Our study was aimed to assess magnitude
and factors associated with optimal complementary feeding
practices among children 6-23 months in Bensa Dstrict, Sidama
Zone, South Ethiopia, 2016.
METHOD: A community based cross sectional study was
conducted from January to February 2016 in (8) randomly selected
kebles found in Bensa District. Respondents were selected by using
simple random sampling technique after sampling frame was
prepared from rapid survey. Pre-tested questionnaire was used to
collect information. Then, data were entered into SPSS version 20,
Then, crude odds ratio (COR) and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with
95% confidence interval were computed to examine statistical
RESULT: This study revealed that only 8.6% (95%CI: 6.4, 10.7%)
of 6-23 months children had optimal complementary feeding
practices. Mother’s knowledge on optimal complementary feeding
(AOR=5.4, 95%CI: 2.7, 11), postnatal care service utilization
(AOR=3.4, 95%CI: 1.7, 7), and household food security (AOR=5,
95%CI: 2.5, 10.5) were positively associated with optimal
complementary feeding practices.
CONCLUSION: Mother’s knowledge, postnatal care utilization
and household food security positively affected optimal
complementary feeding practices.Thus, Bensa District Health
Office, Sidama Zone Health Departiment and other respective
stakeholders should cooperatively work to enhance knowledge of
mothers/care takers on optimal complementary feeding practices,
household food security and on advantages of postnatal care
service utilization.
KEYWORDS: Complementary, feeding, optimal

Published: 2019-05-28