BACKGROUND: In this study, our aim was to measure information and behaviors of our patients about their diseases, and to determine the level of compliance with their treatment and to investigate the causes of nonconformities.

METHODS: A total of 111 patients who applied to outpatient clinics between May-December 2017 were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic, clinical data,
diabetes, medical nutrition therapy and physical activity questionnaires were administered face to face by the researchers.

RESULTS: About 68.5% of the 111 patients were females. While 64.9% were primary school graduates, 58.6% were housewives and 82.9% were low income level. Body Mass Index (BMI) was found to be significantly higher in women (p=0.041). It has been found that the awareness of the patients about themselves and their illnesses are 37.8% for HbA1c, 64.8% for fasting blood sugar level, 78.3% for their height and body weight. While males had a higher score than females in the diabetes survey, females scored higher than males in the medical nutrition therapy and physical activity questionnaires. On the other hand, 46.8% of patients showed additional health problems as a cause of non-compliance to physical activity.

CONCLUSIONS: Level of knowledge and compliance with treatment were also found to be inadequate.

KEYWORDS: Type 2 diabetes, perception, awareness, diseases

Published: 2019-08-02