BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is one of the major health problems in Ethiopia. We analyzed the outcome of surgery done for bronchiectasis in a resource-limited setup.

METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 22 patients who underwent surgery for bronchiectasis in Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital (TASH) during the period 2012 - 2017 were done.

RESULTS: There were 13(59%) female and 9(41%) male patients with a mean age of 34.1 +/-16.9 years. The mean duration of symptoms was 2.2 years. Blood streak sputum, 13(59%), dyspnea, 9(49.9%), fetid sputum, 8(36.4%), dry cough, 6(27.3%), chest pain, 6(27.3%) and massive hemoptysis 3(13.6%) were the main presenting symptoms. In 20(91%) of the patients, previous history of TB treatment was identified. Recurrent childhood infection, 1(4.5%), and tumor obstruction, 1(4.5%), were also seen. Bronchiectasis was left sided in 12(54.5%), right-sided in 7(31.8%) and bilateral in 3(13.6%) patients. The disease affected multiple lung lobes in 9(40.9%), left lower lobe in 6(27.3%) and left upper lobe in 3(13.6%) cases. Indications for surgery were the failure of medical management in 10(45.5%), destroyed lung in 9(40.9%), and massive hemoptysis in 3(13.6%) cases. The procedures performed were lobectomy in 14(63.6%) and pneumonectomy in 8(36.4%) cases. Postoperative complications occurred in 5(22.7%) patients with one (4.5%) death. On the other hand, 77.3% of operated patients had significant improvement compared to their preoperative symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS: In a resource-limited setup like TASH, localized bronchiectasis can be treated surgically with an acceptable result. Proper selection and preparation with complete resection of the involved segments are needed for maximum control of symptoms and better outcomes.

KEYWORDS: Bronchiectasis, Hemoptysis, Fetid sputum, Tuberculosis.

Published: 2019-08-02