Main Article Content
Agricultural credit is needed to buy farm inputs such as seed, fertilizer, chemicals, hired non-family farm labor, and to finance farm maintenance costs.In Ethiopia, limited access to agricultural credit facilities is one of the major factors affecting agricultural productivity. We evaluate the impact of credit on maize productivity among smallholder farmers using a cross-sectional survey data from 260 households, 120 who have access to credit and 140 who do not have access to credit, and using propensity score matching method. We find that access to credit increasesmaize productivity by 26.6% via increasing the use of improved maize seed, fertilizer and hired labor, by 37.4%, 47.8% and 33.6%respectively. The result implies that credit enables smallholder farmers to overcome capital constraints and purchase superior quality and high yielding variety seeds, fertilizers and hire labor to enhance agricultural productivity. Policy makers and financial institutions should address constraints of credit and increase credit
outreach to enhance agricultural productivity and achieve food security of smallholder farmers.