The New Reality of Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis of New Normal Challenges and Opportunities

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Umme Sayeda


The post-COVID-19 new normal will arise as a game-changer in the policy-making of the world states. Accordingly, this article highlights the post-pandemic Bangladesh that should integrate biology affirmatively in the policy development procedures to reshape the new normal challenges as opportunities. The grounded theory method is adopted as a quantitative analysis tool relying on the secondary sources of data to portray the significance of biopolitics as political rationality in new norm Bangladesh. The researcher has used the neo-realism approach to develop the ‘Biopolitical Rationale Theory’, which uncovers how evolving neo-realist security demands the prioritization of biopolitics in every sphere of decision making for governing the post-pandemic new standard of existence. The 2020 corona outbreak proved that human life and the environment are the ultimate means of survival rather than the traditional security arrangements and extreme economic growth which are inhumane (rationality of death and militarization), unhygienic, and destructive to the environment (exploitation of nature is profitable). The article recommends some alternative new normal policies such as non-discriminative health policy, bordering in line with International Health Regulations (IHR), digitalization with better cybersecurity, virtualization of the tourist industry (application of Extended Reality), application of Career Resilience (CR), and Strategic Flexibility Analysis tools in the re-employment and career development, greening the economy, special arrangements for emergency health crisis and undertaking actions considering the environment as a remedy rather than a crisis. The review research concludes that the inclusion of biopolitics in the Bangladesh governance system can redesign the challenges of new normal as new opportunities. But the reshaping of such a new reality will itself prevail as a considerable challenge for Bangladesh.


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Umme Sayeda. (2020). The New Reality of Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis of New Normal Challenges and Opportunities. PanAfrican Journal of Governance and Development (PJGD), 1(2), 126-146.
Author Biography

Umme Sayeda, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh

Umme Sayeda is an Associate Editor (part-time) of the Orient News. She is an emerging scholar of Bangladesh in International Relations. Her research areas include Political Science, Public Policy Making, Social and Decision Neuroscience, Societal Reformation, and Gender Studies. Her recent publications entitled “Freedom – A Popular View from Bangladesh” appears online in Orient News, whereas her second article entitled “Bangladesh Corona Crisis and Governmental Crisis Management Initiatives” is available at


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