Size: (1000-3000 words)

PJGD publishes both invited and unsolicited commentaries. The very purpose of accepting and publishing commentaries in the PanAfrican Journal of Governance and Development (PJGD) is to provide a forum for authors to represent their views in the interdisciplinary areas of governance and development. It is a short and narrowly focused article of contemporary interest with the expectation that authors should possess in-depth knowledge in the subject areas as mentioned in the scope of the PJGD such as political science, governance, development, leadership, national and international law, globalization, human rights, economics, environmental science, public policy, international relations, international organizations, gender, peace and conflict management, international political economy, multiculturalism, civil society, etc. Along with the subject area-specific, commentaries may speculate on future directions of a certain topic and may serve as the foundation in academic advancement with new findings. Some journals do not consider peer-review for commentaries; however, PJGD will review the commentaries for ascertaining the consistency, coherency, redundancy, and overall relevance in the specific area. Therefore, the length of the commentaries will be ranging from 1000 word counts to 3000-word counts depends on the authors’ analysis of the given topic.

The Commentary shall contain the following in the order given.

Title page

  • The ‘Title of the Commentary’ must be written in full.
  • The full name/s, institutional address/es, and e-mail address/es for author/s must be included on the title page. The corresponding author should be clearly indicated (if any).


For commentary, the abstract is not required.

Structure of Commentaries

Commentaries may broadly fall into two categories:

  • Commentary may be on subject or area-specific under the given scope of PJGD
  • Commentary may be for the cause of knowledge advancement with innovation and new findings.


The referencing should follow the APA Style of citation to be used both in the main body of document followed by automatic generation of Reference after inserting into the types of source like a book, book section, journal article, article in a periodical, conference proceedings, report, website, document from the website, electronic sources, art, sound recording, performance, film, interview, patent, case, miscellaneous. Accuracy in citations and references is the author’s responsibility. 

APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Alam, 2011). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Alam, 2011, p. 6).


Acemoglu, D. & Robinson, J. (2012). Why nations fail. New York: Crown Business.

Book with Edition Specification

Adams, W.M. (2009). Green development: Environment and sustainability in a developing world (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.

Editorial Book

Asrat, A. (2016). The Ethiopian highland massifs: Spectacular volcanic landscapes with high biodiversity. In Anhaeusser C. R., Viljoen M. J., Viljoen R.(eds.). Africa’s Top Geological Sites. Cape Town: Struik Nature, pp. 189-196.

Research Working Paper

Bayly, C.A. (2008). Indigenous and colonial origins of comparative economic development: The case of colonial India and Africa. Policy Research Working Paper 4474, The World Bank.


Abuiyada, R. (2018). Traditional development theories have failed to address the needs of the majority of people at grassroots levels with reference to GAD. International Journal of Business and Social Science 9(9):115-119.


Online scholarly opinion/belief/impression/analysis etc.

Canela, G. (2014). Freedom of speech as a key element of the development
agenda. (Accessed: 27 April 2020).

Hassan, S. (2016). Ethiopia: The people want their country back. pambazuka. (Accessed: 26 April 2020).

Online Journal with Identifier (DOI, DOAJ, INDEX, ISSN, etc.)

Broadman, H.G. & Recanatini, F. (2001). Seeds of corruption – Do market institutions matter? Economic Policy in Transitional Economies 11(4): 359-392. DOI: 10.1023/A:1015264312632

Online Newspapers

El-Said, M. (July 13, 2020). AU-sponsored Nile dam talks end fruitless: Concerned parties to present separate final reports on GERD negotiations to AU chair on Tuesday. Daily News Egypt. Retrieved on 26/12/2020 from

Illustrations, figures, graphs, and tables

If such things are used, they must not be from other sources for copyright reasons. The author is responsible for understanding and following the principles that govern the fair use of quotations and illustrations and for obtaining written permission to publish, wherever necessary.

Captions for Illustrations, figures, graphs, and tables

If there is a caption, it should include a one-sentence title that summarizes the content of the illustrations, figures, graphs, and tables. Captions should summarize the data such that a reader can comprehend the without having to refer to the text.

Use of Italics

The following must be italicized in the Manuscript besides the APA Style:



   et al



       inter alia

  per se



 de jure and de facto

Expression of Views and Their Responsibility

The views expressed in the commentaries/articles/reviews/reports published in this PJGD are those of respective authors/reviewers/researchers. Jimma University or Department of Governance and Development or the Editorial Board of PJGD shall in no way be responsible for them.