Size: (8,000-10,000 words)

Review article sometimes called literature review. It synthesizes or analyzes research already conducted in primary sources in a specific field through summary, classification, analysis and comparison. The scientific objective here is to evaluate and to identify patterns, trends, relationships, contradictions, gaps and inconsistencies in literature and to recommend new research areas or to provide suggestions in the next step in search of solving the problem.


Specific Guideline to Prepare Review Article:

The Review Article shall contain the followings in the order given.

Title page

  • The ‘Title of the Article’ must be written in full.
  • The full names, institutional addresses, and e-mail addresses for all authors must be included on the title page. The corresponding author should be clearly indicated.


The abstract of the review article should not exceed 350 words with maximum 5 keywords. Abstract should be in Times New Roman and Italic with font size 11. Abstract must be structured according to the following guidelines.

  • The author/s must provide a brief summary of the problem being investigated or examined.
  • The types of participants or population who are focused in the primary studies.
  • Summarization of the main results in a clear, understandable and precise way.
  • Conclusions of the review.
  • Implications for theory, policy or practice.


  • Author needs to introduce the review title and giving the background information.
  • Author should reason out why this title is significant.
  • Author should clearly outline what he/she is going to discuss throughout the review.


  • Body structure of review article may take different forms depending on the title undertaken.
  • Author should break the body of review article into sections and should organize the sources either chronologically, thematically or methodologically.
  • Once the organizational method for the body of the review is adopted, the sections (i.e. chronologically, thematically or methodologically) which author needs to include in the review article will be easy to figure out. In a simple language, a chronological review will have subsections for each vital time period. A thematic review will have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. Methodological review will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are being discussed.
  • In these sections, author must be sure to describe and evaluate the studies in detail, comparing them and discussing their implications.

Materials and Methods

  • Author must identify the search strategies or specific organizational method.
  • Author needs to develop the criteria of inclusion and exclusion.
  • Data sources and geographical information should be clearly stated,
  • Author needs to identify the characteristics of study subjects and statistical analyses used in the review

Results and Discussion

  • Author needs to restate the purpose and relevance of the review in the light of undertaken objectives.
  • Results should include heterogeneity of the study groups or samples.
  • Author should include all the results including the statistical significance (if any).
  • Results and their relevance should clearly and concisely be discussed.

Conclusions and Recommendation

  • Author should discuss the implications of findings, interpretations and should identify unresolved questions.
  • Author should assess whether the review was adequate to reach a conclusion or not.
  • Based on the findings and conclusion, author should forward the future direction of the research in the reviewed field.


The referencing should follow the APA Style of citation to be used both in the main body of document followed by automatic generation of Reference after inserting into the types of source like book, book section, journal article, article in periodical, conference proceedings, report, website, document from website, electronic sources, art, sound recording, performance, film, interview, patent, case, miscellaneous. Accuracy in citations and references is the author’s responsibility. 

APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Alam, 2011). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Alam, 2011, p. 6).

Illustrations, Figures, Graphs and Tables

They must not be used from other sources for copyright reasons. The author is responsible for understanding and following the principles that govern the fair use of quotations and illustrations and for obtaining written permission to publish, wherever necessary.

Captions for Illustrations, figures, graphs and tables

Each caption should include a one-sentence title that summarizes the content of the illustrations, figures, graphs and tables. Captions should summarize the data such that a reader can comprehend the without having to refer to the text.

Use of Italics

The following must be italicized in the Manuscript besides the APA Style:



   et al



       inter alia

  per se



 de jure and de facto

Expression of Views and Their Responsibility

The views expressed in the articles/reviews/reports published in this PJGD are those of respective authors/reviewers/researchers. Jimma University or Department of Governance and Development or the Editorial Board of PJGD shall in no way be responsible for them.