The Ethiopian Legal Frameworks for the Protection of Women and Girls from Gender-Based Violence

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Marew Abebe Salemot
Alemstehay Birhanu


The objective of this article is to investigate how legal frameworks address gender-based violence in Ethiopia? The research adopted a qualitative approach that utilized secondary sources and reviewed national legal frameworks promulgated and international instruments ratified by Ethiopia. According to this study, Ethiopia, where gender-based violence persistently exists, has adopted insufficient legal frameworks. Still, gender-sensitive legal frameworks shy away from giving a holistic definition to gender-based violence and did not show the scope of the term violence against women in full-spectrum either. Gender-related laws adopted by Ethiopia are inadequate to give civil remedies to those affected by gender-based violence. There are also neither separate domestic violence acts nor any kind of laws adopted to give specific civil remedies for the victims. This is attributable to the absence of comprehensive anti-violence laws in Ethiopia that affect law enforcement from pursuing incidents of violence within marriage and cohabitation on the premise that there are no clear legal provisions.


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How to Cite
Marew Abebe Salemot, & Alemstehay Birhanu. (2021). The Ethiopian Legal Frameworks for the Protection of Women and Girls from Gender-Based Violence. PanAfrican Journal of Governance and Development (PJGD), 2(1), 82-102.
Author Biographies

Marew Abebe Salemot, Debark University, Ethiopia

Marew Abebe Salemot is a graduate of the Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia holding MA Degree (2013) in Federalism studies. Worked as a Lecturer at different public universities in Ethiopia Debre Markos University (September 2013 to December 2014), Oda Bultum University (October 2016 – 2019), and since August 2019, the Author is working as a Lecturer and Researcher at Debark University. His areas of teaching and research interests are on the issues of federalism and minority rights. He has also attended short-term training in Germany and Hungary.

Alemstehay Birhanu , Debark University, Ethiopia

Alemstehay Birhanu completed his MSc in Gender & Developmental Studies from the University of Gondar, Ethiopia and currently working as a Lecturer at Debark University, Ethiopia since August 2019. 


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