Of Gainers, Losers, and Victims: COVID-19 and Securitized Lockdown in Nigeria in Early 2020

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Albert Chuma Okoli
Dr. Elias Chukwuemeka Ngwu


This paper analyzes the impact of the Covid-19 lockdown on the Nigerian populace from the standpoint of how the socio-positional backgrounds of people accounted for their differential vulnerabilities in that regard. By way of a qualitative analysis that relied mainly on a desk study, the paper posits that the lockdown was over-securitized and anti-people, considering the gale of police brutality and violation of human rights that attended the process. The paper makes a case for a moderately de-securitized lockdown regime that is implemented based on incentivized moral suasion rather than coercion.


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Albert Chuma Okoli, & Dr. Elias Chukwuemeka Ngwu. (2022). Of Gainers, Losers, and Victims: COVID-19 and Securitized Lockdown in Nigeria in Early 2020. PanAfrican Journal of Governance and Development (PJGD), 3(2), 62-84. https://doi.org/10.46404/panjogov.v3i2.3940
Research-based/ Original Articles
Author Biographies

Albert Chuma Okoli, Federal University Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.

Dr. Albert Chukwuma Okoli [Published as Al Chukwuma Okoli] (B.Sc., M.Sc., Political Science), holds a Ph.D. in Defense and Strategic Studies from Nigerian Defense Academy (NDA). He is a Senior Lecturer in Political Science at the Federal University of Lafia-Nigeria. Dr. Okoli has consulted for African Union (AU) and UN Women. He is a member of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) as well as Amnesty International (AI). He is also a three-time laureate of CODESRIA.

Dr. Elias Chukwuemeka Ngwu , University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Dr. Elias Chukwuemeka Ngwu is currently a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Political Science & Peace and Conflict Studies Unit, School of General Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. He had previously lectured in the Department of Political Science, Federal University, Lafia. He holds a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Political Science with specialization in International Relations. His research interests include, but are not limited to International Political Economy; Politics of Oil and Natural Resource Governance; Development; Peace research; Governance; Human Security; Foreign policy and Diplomacy.


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