Occupational Injury and Factors Associated among Employees in Heineken Brewery Share Company, Harar Brewery Share Company, and Awash Wine Share Company, Ethiopia

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Teshome Wakjira Tike


Occupational injury is a serious global public health issue that causes morbidity, disability, and fatality at work. The food and beverage processing business has the most significant rate of occupational injuries, making it the most dangerous occupation among industrial industries. Various labor hazards have been reported to beverage workers. Against this background, the objective of the research was to assess the magnitude and predictors of occupational injury among employees in the beverage industry in Harar and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at a beverage factory, with 675 respondents chosen randomly. Qualitative data was collected through interviews with key informants. The data was analyzed using Epi-Data statistical software and SPSS. Multiple logistic analysis, descriptive analysis, binary logistic, and crude logistic regression analysis were used. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The occupational injury rate is 20.9%, with fingers and hands being the most common type of trauma. Sleeping difficulties, contract employment status, and technical field work are associated with injuries. 28-34-year-olds are 55% less likely, and one year of experience is 85% less likely. Challenges include inconsistent safety measures and a lack of organizational commitment, especially for contract workers. The prevalence of occupational injuries among beverage industry employees was high. Technical departments, contract employment, and the prevalence of sleeping problems were revealed to be risk factors for occupational injuries. At the same time, one year of experience and the age range of 28–34 were found to be protective. Among the study participants, difficulties such as poor use of personal protective equipment and a lack of a consistent supply of personal protective equipment were noticed. As a result, firms must increase occupational safety measures, such as providing and replenishing personal protective equipment, focusing on contract employees.


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Tike , T. W. (2024). Occupational Injury and Factors Associated among Employees in Heineken Brewery Share Company, Harar Brewery Share Company, and Awash Wine Share Company, Ethiopia. PanAfrican Journal of Governance and Development (PJGD), 5(1), 28-55. https://doi.org/10.46404/panjogov.v5i1.5360
Research-based/ Original Articles
Author Biography

Teshome Wakjira Tike , Bule Hora University, Ethiopia

Teshome Wakjira is a Ph.D. scholar in indigenous health and safety from Bule Hora University, Ethiopia. He is a multifaceted professional with a background in nursing, public health, sociology, and industrial worker safety. From wielding a stethoscope to brewing health, Wakjira transitioned from clinical practice to a career focused on safety, healing, and well-being. As a Company medical advisor for seven years, he championed employee wellness, emphasizing health and safety. His office walls displayed risk assessments, safety protocols, and first aid information. Beyond the workplace, he cultivated relationships with staff members, learning valuable lessons in empathy and human decency. Wakjira’s commitment extends beyond individual workplaces. As a health and safety consultant, he empowers organizations to create safe environments.


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